Help:Magic words

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Magic words are strings of text that MediaWiki associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words; for a technical reference, see [Manual:Magic words] .

There are three general types of magic words:

  • Behavior switches: these are uppercase words surrounded by double underscores (eg __FOO__)
  • Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces (eg <tt>{{FOO}}</tt>). As such, they look a lot like templates
  • Parser functions: these take parameters and are either of the form <tt>{{foo:...}}</tt> or <tt>{{#foo:...}}</tt>.

Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page, even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message.


Behaviour switches

A behaviour switch controls the layout or behaviour of the page and can often be used to specify desired omissions and inclusions in the content.

Word Description Versions
Table of contents
__NOTOC__ Hides the table of contents (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Forces the table of content to appear at its normal position (above the first header).
__TOC__ Places a table of contents at the word's current position (overriding __NOTOC__). If this is used multiple times, the table of contents will appear at the first word's position.
__NOEDITSECTION__ Hides the section edit links beside headings.
Language conversion
On wikis with language variants, don't perform any content language conversion (character and phase) in article display; for example, only show Chinese (zh) instead of variants like zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, or zh_hk.
On wikis with language variants, don't perform language conversion on the title (all other content is converted).
__START__ No effect.
__END__ Explicitly marks the end of the article, to prevent MediaWiki from removing trailing whitespace. Removed in [rev:19213]



Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to treat a variable as a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME.

Date & time

The following variables return the current date and time according to the user's timezone preferences, defaulting to the UTC timezone.

Due to MediaWiki and browser caching, these variables frequently show when the page was cached rather than the current time.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2022 Year
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 11 Month (zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} November Month (name)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} November Month (genitive form)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Nov Month (abbreviation) 1.5+
{{CURRENTDAY}} 28 Day of the month (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 28 Day of the month (zero-padded number) 1.6+
{{CURRENTDOW}} 1 Day of the week (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Monday Day of the week (name)
{{CURRENTTIME}} 18:07 Time (24-hour HH:mm format)
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 48 Week (number)

The following variables do the same as the above, but using the site's local timezone instead of user preferences and UTC:

  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}

Technical metadata

Revision variables return data about the latest edit to the current page, even if viewing an older version of the page.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{SITENAME}} CityDeepSky The wiki's site name ([Manual:$wgSitename]


{{SERVER}} domain URL ([Manual:$wgServer]


{{SERVERNAME}} domain name ([Manual:$wgServerName]


{{SCRIPTPATH}} /wiki relative script path ([Manual:$wgScriptPath]


Latest revision to current page
{{REVISIONID}} 2507 Unique ID 1.5+


Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas or spaces, depending on the local language). |- !bgcolor="#A7C1F2" | Variable !bgcolor="#A7C1F2" | Output !bgcolor="#A7C1F2" | Description !bgcolor="#A7C1F2" | Versions |- |bgcolor="#8DA7D6" color="black" colspan="4"| Entire wiki |- | {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} | 256 | Number of pages in main namespace. | |- | {{NUMBEROFFILES}} | 289 | Number of uploaded files. | 1.5+ |}

Page names

Variable Output Description Versions
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words Namespace and page title. 1.6+
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words Page title.
{{SUBPAGENAME}} Magic words The subpage title ("foo" on "Title/foo"). 1.6+

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:



Variable Output Description Versions
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Namespace (name)

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:


Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but operate on user input instead of the current page.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the [Extension:ParserFunctions] .

URL data

Variable Output Description Versions
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query string}}
/wiki/index.php?title=Page_name&query string
relative path to title
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
absolute path to title 1.5+


{{ns:}} returns the localized name for the namespace with that index.

Usage Output Usage Output
{{ns:-2}} or {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} or {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:0}} {{ns:1}} or {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} or {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} or {{ns:User_talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} or {{ns:Project}} CityDeepSky {{ns:5}} or {{ns:Project_talk}} CityDeepSky talk
{{ns:6}} or {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} or {{ns:File_talk}} or {{ns:Image_talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} or {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} or {{ns:MediaWiki_talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} or {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} or {{ns:Template_talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} or {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} or {{ns:Help_talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} or {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} or {{ns:Category_talk}} Category talk


Usage Output Description Version
{{lc:string}} xyz The lowercase input. 1.5+
{{lcfirst:string}} xYZ The input with the first character lowercase. 1.5+
{{uc:string}} XYZ The uppercase input. 1.5+
{{ucfirst:string}} Xyz The input with the first character uppercase. 1.5+
{{plural:2|is|are}} are Outputs the correct given pluralization form (parameters except first) depending on the count (first parameter). Plural transformations are used for languages like Russian based on "count mod 10".
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